The abortion legislation, the strictest of its kind in the country, is one of several recent abortion restrictions enacted at the state level designed as a direct challenge to Roe v Wade, the supreme court ruling that legalized abortion across the USA four and a half decades ago.
Under the Bill, performing an abortion is a crime that could land doctors who perform it in prison for 10 to 99 years.
The measure now goes to Gov. Kay Ivey, who has not said whether she supports the measure.
The state lawmaker called the bill a "direct attack" on Roe v. Wade and anticipates that the bill will be contested by abortion rights advocates, like the ACLU, and potentially make its way to the high court.
Democratic Senator Bobby Singleton reacted angrily at the vote - and at the gender of those who passed the bill.
Many women don't yet know for certain that they're pregnant even at six weeks into a pregnancy - the earliest a fetal heartbeat can be detected. You ought to be ashamed.
The research group released a map last month showing that 28 states introduced legislation in the first quarter of 2019 that would, in some way, curtail a woman's right to choose what she does with her body.
This bill would make abortion and attempted abortion felony offenses except in cases where abortion is necessary in order to prevent a serious health risk to the unborn child's mother.
"This is nothing but a political game and women are the pawns", Staci Fox, CEO and President of Planned Parenthood Southeast. "I think that this is just a terrible bill and hopefully if it gets to that level-to the Supreme Court-[then] the Supreme Court will not select this as a test case".
Democrats fear that if the bill were to take effect it would exacerbate an already precarious health-care situation for poor women in Alabama, where just half of the state's 67 counties have an obstetrician, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. "While we can not undo the damage that decades of legal precedence under Roe have caused, this bill has the opportunity to save the lives of millions of unborn children".
Outside the Statehouse, a crowd of about 50 people held a rally, chanting, "Whose choice?" Actress Milla Jovovich reacted by sharing her "horrific" abortion experience, while the likes of Sarah Silverman, Jameela Jamil and Ava DuVernay slammed Alabama's legislation on social media. If she signs it, the bill would become the nation's strictest pro-life law. "Hopefully, it takes it all the way to the supreme court to overturn Roe versus Wade". She said that the goal was to pass the bill in a form that would be able to challenge the 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling in the strongest way.
Supporters said the bill is intentionally created to conflict with the US Supreme Court's landmark 1973 Roe v. Wade decision legalising abortion nationally, because they hope to spark a court case that might prompt the justices to revisit abortion rights.
"We made women of Alabama the model of the new Roe v. Wade", Singleton continued.