More than 23 storeys in height, the Space X Falcon Heavy packs twice as much power as any other rocket on the Earth.
Al Jazeera's Andrew Chappelle reports.
On March 13th, NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine told lawmakers at a Senate hearing that the agency was mulling over the idea of using a commercial rocket, potentially the Falcon Heavy, to launch an important test flight around the Moon.
The spaceship delivered a communication satellite into orbit for Saudi company, Arabsat.
The total cost of one of its Falcon 9 launches is estimated to reach £44 million ($61m), while each of its larger Falcon Heavy flights costs £65 million ($90m).
Roughly three minutes after clearing the pad, Heavy's two side boosters separated from the core rocket for a synchronised landing at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, sparking boisterous cheers from SpaceX engineers in the company's Hawthorne, California headquarters. In the 2018 test mission, Heavy's core booster missed the vessel and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean. Almost half an hour after taking off from Cape Canaveral aboard the Falcon Heavy, the satellite separated from the rocket and was placed in a geo-synchronous orbit where it will remain for years.
The launch marks the Falcon Heavy's second-ever trip to space, as well as its first commercial mission, as the megarocket carried Lockheed Martin's Arabsat 6A communications satellite into orbit. NASA is now building its own rocket, the Space Launch System or SLS, to perform that lunar flight, but delays in the vehicle's development prompted NASA officials to consider now available rockets for the job.
The launch was also significant in that it was the first time that SpaceX has managed to bring back all of three of the rocket's first stages.
The bright white rocket rose with a roar and spewed thick gray smoke on the ground as it made its way up into clear blue skies over Cape Canaveral, Florida, trailing a long plume of orange fire.
It consists of the equivalent of three Falcon 9 rockets combined, tripling its thrust.
The success of the Falcon Heavy is also paramount considering NASA's recent announcement that this rocket system could be used as a backup for future missions to the Moon, should the SLS not be ready in time.
SpaceX recovered a payload fairing for the first time in 2017.