At least 15 patients with advanced kidney disease were reported to have died since the massive power outage began on Thursday, as hospitals struggled to provide emergency services and the threat of spoiling food supplies put many on edge. He has blamed the blackouts on government corruption and mismanagement.
The power outage has led to reports that hospitals and clinic are without functioning generators, leading to grave concerns for the country's most vulnerable. The White House is also watching closely. Critics condemned it as a cynical attempt to deflect criticism of his regime's responsibility. "They came with a strategy of war of the kind that only these criminals - who have been to war and have destroyed the people of Iraq, of Libya, of Afghanistan and of Syria - think up".
Humanitarian aid has been offered to the country to support its citizens, but Maduro has continually refused to accept any help.
It said the presence of USA diplomats entails risks for peace and stability.
Meanwhile on Tuesday, the Venezuelan government ordered U.S. diplomats to leave the country within 72 hours, after talks broke down over maintaining diplomatic "interest sections" in the two countries.
"This decision reflects the deteriorating situation in #Venezuela as well as the conclusion that the presence of US diplomatic staff at the embassy has become a constraint on USA policy", tweeted Pompeo.
The United States and the government of Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro are increasingly at odds, with the Trump administration openly supporting his rival, Juan Guaidó, as the country's legitimate leader.
The move worsens already tattered relations, with President Donald Trump having said he rules out no options including military intervention to oust President Nicolas Maduro as Washington monitors rapidly unfolding events in the oil-rich but crippled South American nation supported by Russian Federation and China.
The announcement by Tarek William Saab, Venezuela's attorney general, escalated the confrontation between the government and Guaido even as the United States, a key backer of the opposition leader, said it was withdrawing its last diplomats in Caracas. The country hasn't shipped $358 million in oil since the power failures started, and "the whole system is grinding to a halt", said Russ Dallen, a Miami-based partner at the brokerage firm Caracas Capital Markets.
"Donald Trump is most responsible for the cyber attack on the Venezuelan electricity system", Maduro said in a broadcast from the Miraflores presidential palace on Monday night.
"It is clear, from what he said, that the government does not control the situation (nobody does) and they do not have any plan or strategy", Pantoulas tweeted.