Specifically, they will be tasked with providing intelligence on transnational crime and assist with cargo dock operations and searches of commercial trucks for contraband.
The two states' previous governors had agreed a year ago to a Trump administration request to send troops to the border; the decision to withdraw the service members effectively bucks the president's request for support, signaling perhaps a new tone from the two Democratic governors, who were each newly elected to their offices in November. The governor's office says some of these troops who are "specially trained counter-narcotic screeners" will be deployed to California ports of entry - both at the Mexican border and elsewhere.
El Paso County passes a resolution saying it is "disillusioned by President Trump's lies regarding the border and our community", citing past false statements and the likelihood of new ones at rally tonight.
"The Border "emergency" is a manufactured crisis," Newsom's speech says. Under Newsom's order, a small group of forces trained in spotting narcotics would be stationed at California's global points of entry. When Brown, a fellow Democrat, approved the mission in April, he said no California troops would participate in immigration-related activities.
This was in response to the fact that little progress is being made between Democrats and Republicans on the Hill, in terms of reaching an agreement that would help fund Trump's border wall.
Newsom will be the second governor this month to pull back National Guard troops, after New Mexico Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham last week pulled back most of her state's troops hours before President Donald Trump's State of the Union address.
Trump has deployed an extra 3,750 US troops on the border this month.
"This will not be a mission to build a new wall", Brown wrote at the time in a letter to Trump administration officials.
California National Guard Major General David Baldwin told reporters Monday that Newsom's order went further than Brown's to make it clear that troops are not to enforce immigration laws. The troops were deployed by her Republican predecessor, Susana Martinez, past year at Trump's request. Grisham publicly rebuked the Trump administration's immigration policies when she announced the withdrawal, something Newsom also appears primed to do.
The announcement comes the day before the California governor's State of the State address, set for this Tuesday, February 12. He planned to leave 100 at the border to combat drug and guns trafficking, and redeploy the remaining 260 "to more appropriate venues and to more appropriate purposes" such as wildfire abatement.
The 360 troops are a fraction of the roughly 14,000 that have been deployed throughout California for various operations since 2016.