Livermore's research suggests that the North Pole's location is controlled by two patches of magnetic field beneath Canada and Siberia. Currently, the northern magnetic pole is moving from the Canadian Arctic towards Siberia.
To track the Magnetic North Pole the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the British Geological Survey developed the World Magnetic Model so that scientists around the world could all relate to the same resource.
WMM provides a five year forecast of changes to the Earth's magnetic field.
It's a problem for organisations (such as the U.S. military) which use magnetic north for navigation, and it's now moving so quickly scientists are having to update their estimates ahead of schedule. It should then come as no surprise that the early review released this week was requested by the US Military. The magnetic field changes due to unpredictable flows of the Earth's molten core. Planes and boats also rely on magnetic north, usually as back-up navigation, said University of Colorado geophysicist Arnaud Chulliat, lead author of the newly issued World Magnetic Model.
According to National Georgraphic, the system is vital for navigation, affecting everything from phones to commercial airlines and, if not adjusted based on the changes, could have major effects. The Fairbanks airport renamed runway 1L-19R to 2L-20R in 2009.
This phenomenon was first observed in 1831 when the speed of such shift was just 9mph however, after the year 2000 it has changed to 34 miles per hour.
Scientists have now released an update to the WMM to account for the unexpected movement of the northern magnetic pole.
It's caused by turbulence in the liquid outer core of our planet, where a hot ocean of iron and nickel generates a magnetic field. Many are in the belief that it changes like the weather. That movement is what makes the magnetic poles shift, but the cause of the recent acceleration remains a mystery.
Generally speaking, Earth's magnetic field is getting weaker, leading scientists to believe it'll ultimately reverse, where south and north pole changes like a bar magnet. Over the last 780,000 years, fossil records indicate that the poles have moved and switched a number of times, with no recognizable harm to living organisms. It is not a question of if it's going to reverse, the question is when it's going to reverse.
When it reverses, it won't be like a coin flip, but take 1,000 or more years, experts said. The military uses the WMM for undersea and aircraft navigation, parachute deployment, and more.
Also, migratory animals such as birds, butterflies, and whales use the magnetic field for directions.
The magnetic field shields Earth from some unsafe radiation, Mr Lathrop said.
North is not quite where it used to be.
They can be found in the navigation systems of ships and airplanes as well as geological applications - such as drilling and mining.
Meanwhile, smartphones and other electronic devices rely on the WMM to provide consumers with accurate maps, compasses, and Global Positioning System services.