"Iran is lying now that it launched an innocent satellite to space", Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said after the abortive launch. "The United States is working with our allies and partners to counter the entire range of the Islamic Republic's threats".
Iran is suspected by the US of using its satellite program to advance its ballistic missile capabilities.
An Iranian bid to launch a satellite has failed, Telecoms Minister Mohammad Javad Azari-Jahromi said on Tuesday, in a move that was criticised by the United States as a breach of the nuclear deal from which Washington withdrew a year ago.
He pointed out that the same carrier rocket had successfully passed the first and second stages of the launch. He did not elaborate on what caused the rocket failure, but promised that Iranian scientists would continue their work. According to Telecommunications Minister Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi, the rocket failed to reach the "necessary speed" in the third stage of its launch.
President Hassan Rohani said earlier this week that the two satellites were both meant to gather information on environmental change in Iran.
"We should not come up short or stop", Azari-Jahromi wrote on Twitter after announcing the failed launch.
Tehran and Washington have been at loggerheads since the U.S. walked away in May previous year from the landmark deal with Iran and reimposed crippling sanctions on the country.
The AP speculated that the wreckage from the satellite likely fell into the Indian Ocean, based on the location of its launch and its presumed trajectory.
"The satellite is part of a civil project with purely scientific aims", foreign ministry spokesman Bahram Ghasemi said in a statement, reported by the Iranian Students' News Agency.
Iran has launched several short-life satellites into orbit over the past decade, including the Simorgh and the Pajouhesh.
Last week, Mr Pompeo defended US President Donald Trump's decision to pull out of Barack Obama's Iran nuclear deal, which was drawn up to prevent the nation from developing deadly weapons.
Iran, which long has said it does not seek nuclear weapons, maintains its satellite launches and rocket tests do not have a military component.
Iran launched its first domestically built satellite, the OMID (Hope) research and telecoms satellite in 2009 on the 30th anniversary of the country's 1979 Islamic revolution in 2009.
On Tuesday, Iranian state television aired footage of nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi apparently from a previous interview warning Tehran could raise the its enrichment of uranium "instantly".