No other country has attempted the feat, particularly because landing at the far side of the moon would be incredibly challenging.
The Chang'e-4 is also assigned to prepare for future crewed missions and the CNAS's desired moon base. Since then, sources have confirmed that the historic launch will occur on December 7, with liftoff scheduled for around 1:30 p.m. EST (2:30 a.m. on December 8, local time).
To land on the far side of the moon and oversee the mission from Earth, China launched a satellite called Queqiao back in May for the sole objective of aiding the communication between the upcoming Chang'e 4 and the China National Space Administration.
On board is a lander which, if all goes smoothly, will soon make history by touching down on the far side of the Moon.
Since the Moon spins around the same center of rotation as Earth, it's always facing away from us.
The mission will also characterise the "radio environment" on the far side, a test created to lay the groundwork for the creation of future radio astronomy telescopes on the far side, which is shielded from the radio noise of Earth. So in May 2018 China launched a relay satellite called Queqiao to a gravitationally stable lunar synchronous orbit about 65,000 kilometers beyond the moon, where the gravity of both Earth and the moon keep the relay satellite moving in a halolike motion that ensures it is continuously in sight of both the lunar farside and Earth.
And in October 2014, China launched Chang'e 5T1, which sent a test capsule on an eight-day trip around the moon that ended in a parachute-aided touchdown here on Earth. Operating about 400,000km (250,000 miles) from the Earth, Queqiao will pass on signals to the lunar lander and rover of Chang'e 4.
If the new Chang'e-4 rover manages to successfully land on the surface, it will map the area around its landing site.
Chang'e is a series of probes that China has launched into orbit and landed on the moon. The landers' are called the Landing Camera (LCAM), the Terrain Camera (TCAM), the Low Frequency Spectrometer (LFS), and the Lunar Lander Neutrons and Dosimetry (LND), which was provided by Germany.
Such information could help scientists better understand why the lunar far side is so different from the near side. Yutu, or Jade Rabbit, stopped moving due to a mechanical problem about 40 days after the lunar rover landed there.
This mission will be followed by Chang'e 5 and 6, which will attempt to collect lunar samples and bring them back to Earth.
All of this is leading up to the Chang'e 5 sample-return mission, which could launch toward the near side as early as next year.
The country also plans to launch its first Mars probe by the end of this decade, according to a white paper on China's space activities issued in 2016.