Since many lack the money and trained staff to establish and run a national surveillance system for antibiotic consumption, the World Health Organization has been helping these countries build monitoring systems over the past few years.The lowest reported antibiotic consumption (4.4 DDD/1,000 inhabitants per day) was in Burundi, and the highest use (64.4 DDD/1,000 inhabitants per day) was in Mongolia.
"... The "WHO Report on Surveillance of Antibiotic Consumption" looked at antibiotic use in 65 countries and found the Netherlands used 9.78 defined daily doses (DDD) per 1,000 people, while Britain used twice as much, and Turkey nearly twice as much again, at 38.18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants..."
"Misuse of antibiotics puts us all at risk". But little is known about antibiotic use in low-income countries. For example, some countries, like Burundi, were able to provide data on hospital antibiotic consumption only, while others provided data on community antibiotic consumption only.
Although this new report sheds light upon global antibiotic use, the data presented varies widely in quality and completeness.
Calling for urgent action, including prescription-only policies, the report said that amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid are the most frequently used antibiotics worldwide.
Antibiotics don't work for all infections.
In Italy, 2.0 percent of daily antibiotics consumption was in the "reserve" category, four times the rate in Germany and more than six times that of Britain, where only 0.3 percent of drugs were those earmarked for use in the last resort.
There is also a need for "improving understanding of when antibiotics should be used through initiatives like World Antibiotic Awareness Week, we need to train a new generation of scientists with the expertise to find and implement new treatments for infections that are resistant to the effects of traditional antibiotics", she said.
According to a press release from ISDH, antibiotics save lives and are critical tools for treating a number of common and more serious bacterial infections, but improper use of these medications can lead to drug resistance that can be life-threatening. They would also use the occasion to educate the public on the prevention of the emergence of antibiotic resistance.
Rev. Awitty further called for the strengthening of laboratories in the various health facilities to enable prompt confirmation of suspected infections to aid the selection of appropriate antibiotics. Resistance can occur when people cannot afford a full course of treatment or only have access to substandard or falsified medicines.
While it is positive to see more Australians aware of antibiotic resistance alongside a reduction in inappropriate prescribing, Mr Morris says the research also indicates many people lack awareness of the potential consequences antibiotic resistance can have on their health. The unregulated sales of antibiotic contribute to the overuse and misuse of these medicines.