Nationwide, the Democrats won close to two-thirds of all the Senate races and garnered 57% of the nationwide vote for that office. She made history from 2007 to 2011 as the first woman speaker, a powerful position second in the line of emergency presidential succession after the vice president. But blue-collar voters and rural America embraced his aggressive talk and stances.
House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi promised that her party would serve as a counterweight to the White House.
Trump, who had spent months demonizing Democrats as lawless "mobs" and telling his rally crowds that their ascendancy would tank the economy and plunge the nation into crime-ridden chaos, said Wednesday it was time for bipartisan co-operation.
But the Democrats' edge is narrow. The Republicans had an advantage in Senate races because elections were held for only 35 seats in the 100-member chamber and many of them were in states that often lean Republican.
"Trump deeply believes that the EU and especially the Germans are taking USA to the cleaners", said Jeremy Shapiro, a former State Department official who is research director at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
However, the Democrats will now head House committees that can investigate the president's tax returns, possible business conflicts of interest and possible links between his 2016 election campaign and Russian Federation. "It's about restoring the Constitution's checks and balances to the Trump administration".
"If the Democrats think they are going to waste Taxpayer Money investigating us at the House level", Trump tweeted, "then we will likewise be forced to consider investigating them for all of the leaks of Classified Information, and much else, at the Senate level".
A supporter of tax cuts and President Donald Trump's Supreme Court choices and a critic of Obamacare, Scott promises to be a reliable vote in support of Trump's agenda. Democrats will have subpoena power and be able to even demand Trump's tax returns.
The GOP's successes were fueled by a coalition that's decidedly older, whiter, more male and less likely to have college degrees. Democrats in the House could also push for more sanctions against Moscow, including measures that would punish European firms involved in the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.
Record diversity on the ballot may have helped drive turnout.
Trump also has sent soldiers to the Mexican border and threatened to have illegal immigrants shot if they throw stones.
When it comes to Democrats, the two African-American Democratic governor candidates Stacey Abrams in Georgia and Andrew Gillum in Florida lost to their Republican challengers.
"We always knew these races are going to be close", said Rep. Katherine Clark of MA, co-chair of House Democrats' recruitment efforts.
It was a Democratic wave in the House, and that is a very big deal.
A strong showing from Democrats winning governorships in key states like Wisconsin and MI will allow them to reshape congressional and state legislative districts. Trump won Texas with more than 52% of the vote in 2016. The winners included Democrat Mikie Sherrill, a former Navy pilot and federal prosecutor who ran for a suburban Newark seat. Democrats picked up the governors' offices in MI and Wisconsin and kept control in Pennsylvania.
Relatives of the first Palestinian-American woman elected to the U.S. Congress are cheering in the Michigan Democrat's ancestral West Bank village of Beit Ur al-Foqa. But in Kentucky, one of the top Democratic recruits, retired Marine fighter pilot Amy McGrath, lost her bid to oust to three-term Rep. Andy Barr. The Democrats have taken control of the House of Representatives with an estimated 7-point popular vote margin and won a number of key structural races at the state level.
The Kremlin said on Wednesday it saw no prospects for an improvement in relations following the elections.
The primary role of Congress-consisting of the House (its lower chamber) and the Senate (its upper chamber)-is to make and pass laws.
Some hurt worse than others.
The Democratic Party will have a majority in the House of Representatives for the first time since early 2011.
Japan's Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasutoshi Nishimura told reporters Wednesday that Japan-U.S. alliance is "unwavering" despite mixed election results for President Donald Trump.
She said she would not move to impeach Trump unless at least some Republicans were on board.