The incoming class of lawmakers could have a stark impact on politics in the nation's capital, particularly within the Democratic Party, after a midterm election that was widely seen as a referendum on Trump's first term.
Women led a parade of victories and unexpected upsets Tuesday to win control of the House for the Democrats. Democratic women flipped three Republican-held seats: Mary Lou Scanlon, Chrissy Houlahan, Susan Wild, and Madeleine Dean won an open seat.
Omar, a Somali-American was once a refugee, while Tlaib is the first Pakistani-American woman in congress.
In Massachusetts, Ayanna Pressley ran unopposed as a Democrat and became the first black woman to represent the commonwealth in Congress.
Rising left-wing rock star Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez made history on Tuesday, November 6, as the youngest woman elected to Congress, in a safe Democratic Party stronghold in New York, US media projected.
The wins also came as Native Americans brought legal action over alleged voter suppression again this cycle, with the Spirit Lake Tribe filing a complaint in October against North Dakota over a voter identification law the tribe said disenfranchised voters living on reservations.
Young women made their voices heard, as well, with two-thirds of voters younger than 30 voting for Democrats for Congress, compared with 32 per cent who voted for Republicans, according to exit polls.
Democrats were galvanized by #MeToo movement, which helped attract female voters and recruit more women to run for office.
At that rate, we can expect the number of women in the House to go as high as about 110 when the 14 remaining face-offs are called.
"This is the year of the woman, and the fact that women were willing to put themselves on the line is important, whether they've been Republicans or Democrats", said former Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala, a first-time candidate who defeated Republican Maria Elvira Salazar in south Florida.
"Democratic women in particular and independent women, progressive women, upscale suburban women were clearly energised by the Trump victory and the Trump presidency in a negative way", said Democratic pollster Celinda Lake.
Polis is also the state's first Jewish governor. On Tuesday, she won the race for New Mexico's First District.
Veronica Escobar and Sylvia Garcia won House races in Texas, making them the first Latina women to ever represent the state.
Election Day brought some big and historic wins for Democrats across NY. The data showed that this year, white women split their vote between Democratic and Republican candidates for the House, but they preferred Republican candidates in 2010 and 2014.