As for the Senate race, despite Trump's deeply polarizing effect on voters, the GOP harnessed his rock-solid popularity with hard-right voters in rural, deep-red states. The incumbent was reprimanded by a Senate ethics panel after corruption charges were dismissed following a mistrial, turning a what should have been a sure bet for Democrats into a close fight. Liberal House member Beto O'Rourke became a national sensation with his underdog US Senate campaign but fell short in conservative Texas, and Andrew Gillum was trailing Republican Ron DeSantis in his quest to become the first African-American governor of the key swing state of Florida. Joe Donnelly, and Marsha Blackburn won in Tennessee, according to CNN projections. REUTERS/Michelle McLoughlin Voters line up to vote as polls opened in the U.S. midterm congressional and gubernatorial elections in Deerfield Beach, Florida, U.S. November 6, 2018. In suburban Kansas City, Democrat Sharice Davids beat four-term Republican Rep. Kevin Yoder, making her the first Native American woman to serve in Congress and the first lesbian to represent Kansas.
District 4: Former Democratic school board member Susan Evans received 61.82 percent of the vote against Republican challenger Kim Coley, who had 38.47 percent.
Fundraising, polls and history were not on the president's side.
A Democrat-controlled House was expected to pursue anti-corruption and voter-rights legislation, and hold multiple investigations on controversial aspects of the Trump administration, not least being allegations of collusion between his 2016 campaign and Russian Federation.
Voter turnout was expected to be very high, despite bad weather in virtually the entire eastern U.S. Polling stations across the country saw long lines, and in some cases there were problems with voting machines, in part because of wet conditions.
State Sen. Jeff Tarte, R-Mecklenburg, is in trouble, down by more than 9,000 votes with most of his district's precincts in. The stars of the new class included women who were among the first to serve in combat when the military decided those roles were no longer just for men.
Still, his xenophobic rhetoric has been unprecedented for an American president in the modern era: "Barbed wire used properly can be a handsome sight", Trump told voters in Montana.
He bet big on a xenophobic closing message, warning of an immigrant "invasion" that promised to spread violent crime and drugs across the nation.
Midterm elections are traditionally seen as a referendum on a sitting president, but this election seems especially so, in part because Trump held an unusually large number of rallies in support of Republicans and urged supporters to treat the election as a confirmation of his policies.
How many seats are needed for a majority?
Mitt Romney, the 2012 Republican presidential nominee, has won election to US Senate from Utah, as expected. Republican state Rep. Jonathan Jordan has lost his re-election bid, a significant pick up for Democrats in the west. Menendez won in the heavily Democratic state despite a federal bribery indictment that prosecutors dropped this year after a mistrial.
Public opinion polls and analysts suggested that opposition Democrats had an advantage in the battle for control of the House.
In south Florida, former Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala defeated Republican Maria Elvira Salazar. A Republican-led Senate would allow Trump's conservative remaking of the USA judiciary to continue. Some 35 Senate seats were in play, as were nearly 40 governorships and the balance of power in virtually every state legislature. "His actions, his verbage, he's clearly the focal point", said Tim Phillips, president of the Koch-backed Americans for Prosperity, which has poured millions into certain races this cycle to help preserve the Republican majority. Along with Sherrod Brown, a pro-labor lawmaker re-elected in OH, the four are considered potential 2020 Democratic presidential hopefuls.
There are three key committees: the Oversight panel headed by Cummings; the Intelligence Committee led by Schiff, a southern Californian, and the Judiciary Committee to be headed by Jerrold Nadler of NY.