Demonstrations were also held in other cities including Bangalore, Mumbai and Chandigarh, where police fired water cannons to break up a march. While police briefly detained the protesters at several places and released them later, there were no report of any violence. By allowing this violation to remain for the time being, the court temporarily let the Centre off the hook.
Hundreds of Congress activists took part in the protest, shouting slogans against Modi.
Appearing for Mr Verma, senior counsel Fali Nariman submitted that the CBI director's tenure has been fixed as two years under the amended Delhi Special Police Establishment Act of 1946.
The top court said former Supreme Court judge A K Patnaik will oversee a Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) inquiry into the allegations and counter allegations and the report has to be placed before it within two weeks.
Congress Spokesperson Shama Mohamed said that the country is facing an undeclared emergency, "This is such an undeclared emergency in our country, we have never heard of such a constitutional coup happening at midnight". He was flanked by party leaders Bhupinder Hooda, Ahmed Patel, Ashok Ghelot and Randeep Singh Surjewala as well as opposition leaders Nadimul Haque (Trinamool Congress), D. Raja (CPI) and Sharad Yadav (Loktantrik Janata Dal).
And set out directions that are being interpreted by sections of the Opposition as a major setback for Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his team.
There were no immediate reactions from the Prime Minister's Office on Gandhi's allegations.
Asked about the commotion during his arrest, Gandhi said, "You can push me or arrest me as many times but I do not care".
"Every institution in India being ruined by the prime minister", he alleged.
"The reality is that the Prime Minister has indulged in corruption".
Special Judge Santosh Snehi Mann said that though the liberty of the person is at stake while granting police custody, the investigating agency should get "fair opportunity to investigate". "Chowkidar chor hai (Watchman is a thief)", he said in a brief address to a crowd of Congress workers outside the CBI headquarters in Lodhi Road area in south Delhi. While the party's national general secretary and Karnataka in-charge K C Venugopal participated in the protest, party spokesperson Subhash Agarwal said the presence of MLAs and corpororators did not matter much as it was a symbolic agitation.
Different headlines on the same page of the Express read: "Rahul steps up attack: PM knew he would be finished if CBI begins probe into Rafale deal"; "Congress misleading nation on Rafale deal: Sitharaman"; and "BJP hits back at Rahul: He is hallucinating".