Some countries involved in Belt and Road projects, like Malaysia and Sri Lanka, have accused China of saddling them with excessive debt.
Ships from both countries continue to chase one another in the area; Japan made a formal protest over a Chinese incursion into what Japan considers its territorial waters just last week, broadcaster NHK reported.
Abe returned to power in 2012 when Sino-Japanese ties were in tatters due to a feud over East China Sea islands, and the territorial dispute remains a key source of friction between the two countries.
China is Pyongyang's only remaining economic ally, while Japan has in the past warned against any rush to appease Pyongyang.
The historical rivals have been drawn closer together under pressure from the United States to slash trade deficits.
But both sides will be hoping more visits will follow.
Gokhale said that he expected issues such as land acquisition, which are holding back the big-ticket high speed railway project, to be sorted out by January next year with both sides looking forward to completing the project by 2022.
As bilateral trade between China and Japan has reached around 300 billion US dollars, and the economies of the two countries are inseparable, said Abe, adding that with no doubt, China's economic development is a huge opportunity and shall be welcomed by both Japan and the world. After talks between the two sides, Abe will host a state banquet in honour of Modi. But the Chinese do not seem overly concerned. "But it could not go far".
They reached consensus, Li said, that safeguarding long-term healthy and stable China-Japan ties was in accordance with the interests of both countries and the region and the world.
Until late previous year, tensions in Sino-Japanese relations had lingered since a fierce dispute flared up in 2012 over uninhabited islets in the East China Sea.
He said discussions will also take place on Delhi's mass rapid transit system, some hydro electric and road projects and how Japan can help in improving infrastructure in the Northeastern states.
Shiro Armstrong, director of the Australia-Japan Research Center at the Australian National University, said that for Japan, "the balancing act is not to give away too much" as its ties with China develop.
Gokhale said the two leaders are expected to deliberate on regional security issues, situation in Korean peninsula and that India will raise its concerns over terrorism.
He hopes that the Japan-China relationship could be brought into a new era through frequent mutual visits by leaders of the two countries, Abe added. Still, some Chinese analysts have suggested that given the volatility of Trump, who has warmed to Japan's nemesis North Korea and threatened in the past to pull US troops from the region, Xi should be able to sow doubts about Japan's American allies during Abe's visit.
Yuichiro Tamaki, the leader of an opposition party, said that even some younger lawmakers in Mr Abe's ruling Liberal Democratic Party are cautious about the relationship. "Trump clearly increases Japan's skepticism toward America's role and credibility in the region".
Although Newsham doesn't expect much in terms of concrete agreements resulting from this "feel good" meeting.
Hsiesh noted that information now available suggests Japan and China will discuss cooperation in the fields of security and finance, and that Abe is likely to invite Xi Jinping personally to attend the June 2019 G20 summit in Osaka.