Accusations that Mr Netanyahu has made against the Israeli media of orchestrating a politically motivated witch-hunt against him and his wife appear to have struck a chord with his right-wing voter base, which has rallied in support of the 68-year-old leader.
The indictment says Sara Netanyahu falsely claimed that there were no cooks on staff when the meals were ordered.
Mrs Netanyahu denies any wrongdoing. In 2016, a court awarded some $47,000 in damages to a former housekeeper who accused the couple of repeated workplace abuse.
The prime minister has slammed the indictment, calling the allegations against his wife "baseless and delusional".
Fatima Abdul-Karim reports from Jerusalem al-Quds.
Sara Netanyahu has in the past said that her "blood has been spilled publicly".
The Israeli Prime Minister on Sunday announced he had agreed to meet Russia's President in a bid to reduce tension between both countries over the situation in Syria.
Netanyahu is suspected of bribery, fraud and breach of trust in "Case 1000", also known as the "Gifts Case", regarding his relationship with Israeli businessman Arnon Milchan and Australian businessman James Packer.
Sara Netanyahu has in the past said that her "blood has been spilled publicly". He characterised the allegations as a hit case against the Netanyahus that "will not hold water".
The prosecution during the hearing on Sunday requested that an expanded panel of three judges preside over the case due to its public significance.
But there are potentially more serious allegations facing Benjamin Netanyahu. If convicted, Netanyahu could face up to five years in prison.
Netanyahu was last questioned on August 17 in "Case 4000", a corruption case involving Israel's telecom giant Bezeq. The police have recommended that Mr Netanyahu be indicted, though Israel's Attorney General has not yet decided how he will proceed.
Despite the ongoing investigations, Netanyahu has remained strong in polls and he is not obliged to step down if formally charged.