Logically it should, since it is Washington that seeks a strategic relationship with New Delhi with the avowed intent to support India's rise and position it as a counterweight to China - something Indian interlocutors frequently remind their USA counterparts about.
It also adds them to the Treasury Department's list of specially designated individuals with whom Americans are barred from doing business.
Earlier on Friday, Russia also lashed out over the new sanctions, warning the USA was "playing with fire".
One State Department official, who briefed reporters and speaking on condition of anonymity, insisted that the China sanctions targeted Moscow only, not Beijing or its military.
The sanctions will deny EDD any foreign export licences, prohibit it from making foreign exchange transactions within United States jurisdiction or using the U.S. financial system, and block its property and interests within USA control.
In a Thursday statement, the US State Department said that the sanctions had been invoked under Section 231 of Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act of 2017 (CAATSA) "for engaging in significant transactions with persons on the [List of Specified Persons]".
Reacting to the USA move, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said, "China is strongly outraged by this unreasonable action of the U.S. and lodged stern representations".
US President Donald Trump signed an executive order on Thursday authorising the sanctions to be implemented. "We strongly urge the USA side to immediately correct the mistake and rescind the so-called sanctions, otherwise the USA side will necessarily bear responsibility for the consequences", he added.
Doing significant business with anyone on the USA blacklist can trigger sanctions like those imposed on China.
Washington is not introducing any new sanctions against the blacklisted individuals or organizations, though many of them were targets of previous U.S. restrictions.
The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that the sanctions were "not meant to take down the economy of third-party countries" such as China. "They are aimed at imposing costs on Russian Federation in response to its malign activities".
"Sanctions are used as a weapon of unfair competition - all of this we perfectly remember from the situation with the Nord Stream 2", Senator Konstantin Kosachev, the head of the Russian Upper House Committee for International Relations, said. "It appears that it has become a sort of national pastime there", Ryabkov said.
"I am sure that these contracts will be executed in line with the schedule", Franz Klintsevich, a Russian member of parliament, was quoted as saying by Russia's Interfax news agency.
The EDD's primary aim is to improve China's military tech and procurement. China, which relies on technology for its military modernisation has stepped up its military ties with Russian Federation.
"The imposition of US sanctions will have zero impact on Russian arms sales to China", said Ian Storey, of Singapore's ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute.
"This is a significant step", the administration official said.
Turkey is in talks to buy S-400 missile systems from Russian Federation.
With the same pen-stroke, the US also blacklisted another 33 Russians who it said have been working for or on behalf of Russian defense or intelligence services.