The next wave of 25 per cent tariffs on a further $200 billion in imports will loom over any talks - after a public consultation period for affected businesses came to an end last Thursday.
Companies reported the tariffs were pressuring profits, reducing demand for their products and driving up production costs.
U.S. President Donald Trump last week said that in addition to preparing tariffs on another $200 billion worth of goods, he had tariffs on another $267 billion worth of goods "ready to on short notice if I want".
Every year, the USA imports $500 billion worth of goods from China, while it ships only one-third of that amount to the East Asian country.
One researcher at Taiwan's Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, Roy Chun Lee says that "the historical example of the U.S. -Japan economic conflict suggests that the U.S".
"If nearly a half of American companies anticipate a strong negative impact from the next round of US tariffs, then the USA administration will be hurting the companies it should be helping", he said. "The US administration will be hurting the companies it should be helping".
This is a sideshow to draw attention to the fact that the US is a trade bully and China is looking for world economy support because they know most countries don't like the game Trump is playing.
Friday's news reports that Mr Trump has ordered the United States to proceed with further tariffs quoted administration sources.
China may not be able to match future US tariffs dollar for dollar and has warned that it would take other measures. More than half of U.S. firms are already feeling Beijing's wrath from non-tariff measures like heightened regulatory scrutiny, more inspections and slower customs clearance, according to the survey.
Senior U.S. officials led by Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin recently sent an invitation to their Chinese counterparts, including Vice Premier Liu He, to hold another bilateral trade meeting. They said almost one-third are thinking about canceling or postponing investment decisions.
Trump appeared nonchalant about whether China met with his trade representatives to make a deal.
The Chinese have retaliated with tariffs on an equivalent amount of USA exports, and have promised to match future rounds of US duties.
The White House believes China will wave the white flag after the next round of tariffs on $200 billion in goods, said William Zarit, the chamber's chairman.
President Trump on Thursday cast doubt on the possibility of a breakthrough in trade talks with China, saying he was prepared to hammer China's economy with tough new economic penalties if Beijing doesn't offer concessions. Some of them have criticized Trump's tactics but many echo US complaints about Chinese market barriers and industrial strategy.