Taking a break from talks, the Russian president and his Chinese counterpart put on aprons and each cooked a Russian-style pancake called "blin", RT reports.
"It sends a very strong message to China, saying that Russia doesn't see China as an adversary or a military threat any more", says analyst Alexander Gabuev, who follows Russia-China relations for the Carnegie Institute in Moscow.
The two leaders met on Wednesday at the Eastern Economic Forum taking place in Vladivostok in Russia's Far East.
Russia and China have a growing trade relationship, with Russian oil, gas and foodstuffs moving in one direction, and Chinese consumer goods in the other.
Xi said China and Russian Federation would work together to maintain stability and peace in the world.
Protectionism and unilateralism are rearing their heads in global politics and the states of northeast Asia should work together to counter the trend, Chinese President Xi Jinping says.
The two leaders attended commemoration events marking the 10-year anniversary of the center's hosting of hundreds of Chinese children from regions hit by a deadly natural disaster in 2008.
"It would be naive to think that it can be solved quickly", Putin said after meeting Abe on the sidelines of the forum.
Russian Federation is getting closer to concluding a deal on a new route for transporting gas to China, its energy minister said on Wednesday.
"(China) is the flawless instrument to project Russia as a resurgent global power, so essentially the Russia narrative is that China, Russia and to a lesser extent India, are part of this new dynamic world order", he said. They also held their first bilateral economic dialogue in eight years this April, and in May, Premier Li Keqiang became the first Chinese premier in as many years to visit Japan.
The historic rivals are looking forward to friendly relations with each other amid pressure from Washington, which is fighting a trade war with China and levelling new sanctions on Russian Federation.
Putin said the conclusion of such a deal would create a better atmosphere and allow the two countries to "continue to solve all outstanding issues like friends".