That requires a "whole-of-government" strategy, incorporating diplomatic, economic, intelligence, law enforcement and military elements, to protect and strengthen national security, the defence act states.
The John S. McCain National Defence Authorisation Act - named after the Arizona senator, who is battling brain cancer - broadens the scope of the committee that reviews foreign investments in the United States for national security concerns.
The president studiously avoided reading the official name of the legislation - which would have meant mentioning McCain - during the 28-minute speech or during the signing ceremony afterward. John McCain, R-Ariz., during his speech, even though Congress honored the 81-year-old senator by putting his name on the annual bill authorizing military spending.
U.S. President Donald Trump signed a $716 billion defense policy bill on Monday.
Legal action will of course be launched over the coming months, the USA is a big prize for the Chinese vendors, though we ponder how effective any challenge from Huawei and ZTE, or protests from the Chinese government, will actually be. ZTE was nearly forced out of business after being accused of selling sensitive information to nations hostile to the USA, namely Iran and North Korea, in violation of trade laws.
Although the vast majority of the bill is directed towards more traditional aspects of national security, a few clauses, specifically sections 886 and 889, point the finger at the two Chinese vendors. The mandate to produce a study came after an earlier version proposed to bar the delivery of F-35s to Turkey.
McSally made the trip across the country to the Army's Fort Drum and was rewarded with a shout-out from Trump, although not an endorsement. Back in June, the US Senate passed a version of the bill that would have re-imposed an export ban that would have been a de facto death sentence for ZTE because ZTE is heavily dependent on components like Qualcomm chips and Google's Android operating system.